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The National Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 brought India's drugs control law. It is in line with international standards and fulfils the aims of these treaties. Many people perceive the Act as a prohibitionist statute that tries to deal with two types of offences: cultivating, manufacturing, distributing, and selling illegal drugs, such as heroin, and using them.

A Reference Guide for all Criminal Offences & Penalties

The NDPS Act, fixes the magnitude of the penalty on the number of drugs discovered. Which categories penalties: tiny, less than commercial, and commercial. In contrast, as a result, the sentence for a little quantity of drugs may be as long as one year in jail, while for a huge quantity of narcotics, it might be as long as 20 years. The Central Government sets the guidelines for the small and commercial quantities. Most typical medicines come in this quantity:

Amphetamine: 2 gms is little, whereas 50 gms is commercial.

  • Cocaine: two gms; large quantity: one hundred gms.
  • Codeine: 10 gms, 1 kg.
  • Legal Amount: Small Amount: 1 kg
  • Commercial Amount: 20 kg.
  • Heroin: 5 gms to a recreational user.
  • 250 gms to a big-time dealer.
  • Morphine: 5 gms – the amount included in a tiny vial, 250 gms – the quantity found in a standard vial.
  • 1 kg of G. Poppy straw: modest quantity
  • 50 kg of G. Poppy straw: commercial quantity

Section 8 of the Act makes it expressly illegal to cultivate opium, poppy, coca, or cannabis plants as well as to produce, manufacture, distribute, store, and purchase banned narcotics and psychotropic substances. Additionally, the bill forbids funding, consuming, and sheltering convicted criminals. As per Sec. 19, any farmer who grows opium legally with a licence but steals it would face up to 20 years in prison and face a punishment of Rs. 1-2 lakh. Sale, purchase, transport, import, export, possession, and use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances such poppy straw, prepared opium, opium poppy, cannabis, etc causes these penalties: a. in the case of small quantities, 1-year imprisonment and/or a fine up to Rs. 10,000. However, if the violation involves marijuana, the punishment would be substantially smaller. This means that people may get prison sentences of between one and five years and fines ranging from Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1,00,000. In any of the situations above, the court can punish offenders by writing out the reasoning for the increase in fine in the decision. The punishment for unlawful importation, exportation, or transshipment of narcotics, psychotropic substances, or both, depends on the amount of the material involved. Section 24 explicitly states that any person who does external transactions in violation of the Act shall be penalized with a minimum of 10 years in jail and a maximum of 20 years in prison, as well as a fine ranging from Rs. 1 lakh to Rs.2 lakh. Any person's premises used for the commission of any offence under the Act shall be punished with a sentence of rigorous imprisonment that is no less than 10 years and no more than 20 years, as well as a fine that is no less than 1 lakh rupees and no more than 2 lakh rupees. The penalties should be the same for anybody who finances or protects offenders engaged in unlawful activity, no matter their role. The punishment would differ based on the substance taken, should a person use a narcotic drug or psychotropic substance. Rigorous incarceration is one year's imprisonment and/or a fine of up to Rs. 20,000 for those who use substances like cocaine, morphine, or diacetylmorphine. Sentence to jail for six months to one year and pay a fine of Rs. 10,000 if he used any other substance throughout the proceedings is levied on the person. A court has the right to transfer any incarcerated individual for drug use to a health facility for treatment. Agencies who seize illegal narcotics must destroy them properly as instructed. The government confiscates illegal property of the accused. The funds received from the sale of property acquired via unlawful means will pool together to establish the National Fund for Regulate of Drug Abuse and utilize these funds to assist with the treatment of drug users, as well as efforts to control drugs

Repeat Offences will Result in Greater Punishment

People who indulge in drug misuse typically have a practice of doing so, and so face greater penalty under the Act. Punishments can be as much as one and a half times as severe for multiple offences. Because of this, the sentence for an offence ranges from 1.5 years in jail to 30 years in prison. In other words, a punishment up to 1.5 times the previous amount would be given for a second conviction.

Section 31A of the Act provides for the death sentence as a punishment for a second conviction. Prior to the 2014 change, the Act required that a person sentenced to death following a second conviction for an offence involving at least a specific amount of drugs. The cutoff for Opium is 10 kg, whereas the cutoff for Morphine and Heroin is one kilogram me. of the Act provides for the death sentence as a punishment for a second conviction. Prior to the 2014 change, the Act required that a person sentenced to death following a second conviction for an offence involving at least a specific amount of drugs. The cutoff for Opium is 10 kg, whereas the cutoff for Morphine and Heroin is one kilogram me.

Many human rights groups applauded the 2014 revision, which made it very clear that death can be used as a replacement for any of the other punishments listed in the Act for a second offender. Many academics have advocated that the death penalty should be removed entirely from the NDPS Act numerous times. According to estimates, 32 nations have drug control legislation that allows for the death sentence in rare situations. However, studies on the effects of the death sentence on drug markets in these nations indicate that it is ineffective in discouraging surreptitious drug activities.

Preventative Measures Contained in the NDPS Act

NDPS Act grants significant law enforcement agency authorities to conduct crackdowns on drug usage. NDPS Act establishes protections to citizens from needless harassment. Law enforcement officers are obligated to produce a detailed report with all pertinent facts and send it to their supervisor whenever they arrest or seize under the Act. Section 100 of the CRPC dictates that when officers examine individuals who conceal suspicious items, the search must be in the presence of two recognized local citizens. The accused receives an inspection report including, the search and seizure contents. Under the NDPS Act, the police officer confiscating the banned drugs has to keep them secure. A reliable seal is placed to verify that the arresting officer has seized the item and the officer-in-charge of the police station on all search warrants. The section titled "Search Procedure" of the Act allows the accused the right to be searched in the presence of a gazette officer or a magistrate. In the case of State of Punjab V. Balbir Singh 1994 AIR 1872, the Supreme Court decided that in order for the police officer to uphold this privilege, he or she must have to tell the accused about it. The laws passed under Section 58 implement severe penalties for those who file vexatious or frivolous complaints. Are stuck in an NDPS case?, then the best NDPS lawyers in India is right here to serve you. Being the best ndps lawyers in Mumbai for Drugs Cases, we will never compromises with the quality of the legal service, and makes sure to guide the clients regarding the same. To know more about us, connect with us today!